A Prospective Study of Cranial Deformity and Delayed Development in Children

Plagiocephaly, the most common form of cranial deformity, has become more prevalent
in recent years. Many authors have described a number of sequelae of poorly defined etiologies,
although several gaps exist in their real scope. This study aimed to analyze the effects of physiotherapy treatments and cranial orthoses on the psychomotor development of infants with cranial deformities,

Deformational brachycephaly: the clinical utility of the cranial index

The incidence of deformational brachycephaly has risen since the “Back to Sleep” movement in 1992 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Brachycephaly prevalence and understanding the dynamic nature of the pediatric skull have not been explored in relation to the cranial index (CI). The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of brachycephaly,

Congenital muscular torticollis: the reliability of visual estimation in the assessment of cervical spine active rotation and head tilt by physiotherapists and the impact of clinical experience

There is a lack of reliable and valid measurement tools to assess neck function in infants with congenital muscular torticollis, and most physiotherapists use visual estimation, which has not been adequately tested for reliability in this population. We examined the reliability of visual estimation of head tilt and active neck rotation in the upright position,

Disorders of Head Shape and Size

The oval shape of the newborn’s skull, resulting from the molding needed during passage through the tight birth canal, usually returns to normal after a short period of time. This is followed by rapid expansion of the skull due to its inherent plasticity. Nevertheless, significant distortions can occur as a result of change in the intracranial volume or the presence of constrictive or restrictive forces affecting the infant’s head.

Evaluation of positional cranial deformities: the non-expert perspective

The relevance of positional cranial deformity remains a controversial topic. While many specialists support therapeutic intervention with a helmet for severe cases, some are convinced that fears are exaggerated and helmets are unnecessary. In this study, 395 unaffected laypeople were interviewed for their opinion. Standardized photographs of 10 children with different degrees of positional deformity were presented in a randomized order.

Diagnosis and treatment of positional plagiocephaly

Positional plagiocephaly is increasing in infants. Positional plagiocephaly is an asymmetric deformation of skull due to various reasons; first birth, assisted labor, multiple pregnancy, prematurity, congenital muscular torticollis and position of head. Positional plagiocephaly can mostly be diagnosed clinically and by physical examinations. The simplest way to assess the severity of plagiocephaly is to use a diagonal caliper during physical examination,