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A Prospective Study of Cranial Deformity and Delayed Development in Children

Plagiocephaly, the most common form of cranial deformity, has become more prevalent
in recent years. Many authors have described a number of sequelae of poorly defined etiologies,
although several gaps exist in their real scope. This study aimed to analyze the effects of physiotherapy treatments and cranial orthoses on the psychomotor development of infants with cranial deformities,

Early-Detection and Treatment of Torticollis in Infants Using Augmented Reality

Pediatric physical therapists (PTs) have long struggled to diagnose and treat congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) at early stages, when such diagnosis and treatment would do the most good. Much of this problem is that very young infants and toddlers have difficulty with poses, are difficult to measure due to their small size, lack of compliancy,

Diagnosis and treatment of positional plagiocephaly

Positional plagiocephaly is increasing in infants. Positional plagiocephaly is an asymmetric deformation of skull due to various reasons; first birth, assisted labor, multiple pregnancy, prematurity, congenital muscular torticollis and position of head. Positional plagiocephaly can mostly be diagnosed clinically and by physical examinations. The simplest way to assess the severity of plagiocephaly is to use a diagonal caliper during physical examination,

Congenital muscular torticollis: the reliability of visual estimation in the assessment of cervical spine active rotation and head tilt by physiotherapists and the impact of clinical experience

There is a lack of reliable and valid measurement tools to assess neck function in infants with congenital muscular torticollis, and most physiotherapists use visual estimation, which has not been adequately tested for reliability in this population. We examined the reliability of visual estimation of head tilt and active neck rotation in the upright position,

The effectiveness and safety of conservative interventions for positional plagiocephaly and congenital muscular torticollis: a synthesis of systematic reviews and guidance

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a postural, musculoskeletal deformity evident at, or shortly after, birth. It results from unilateral shortening and increased tone of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle and presents as lateral flexion of the head to the ipsilateral side with rotation to the contralateral side [1]. It is potentially a painful condition for infants and can present with a pseudotumor in the SCM muscle [2].

Evaluation of positional cranial deformities: the non-expert perspective

The relevance of positional cranial deformity remains a controversial topic. While many specialists support therapeutic intervention with a helmet for severe cases, some are convinced that fears are exaggerated and helmets are unnecessary. In this study, 395 unaffected laypeople were interviewed for their opinion. Standardized photographs of 10 children with different degrees of positional deformity were presented in a randomized order.

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