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A Prospective Study of Cranial Deformity and Delayed Development in Children

Plagiocephaly, the most common form of cranial deformity, has become more prevalent
in recent years. Many authors have described a number of sequelae of poorly defined etiologies,
although several gaps exist in their real scope. This study aimed to analyze the effects of physiotherapy treatments and cranial orthoses on the psychomotor development of infants with cranial deformities,

Motor Function in School-Aged Children With Positional Plagiocephaly or Brachycephaly

Objective:
To determine whether children with a history of positional plagiocephaly/brachycephaly (PPB) show persistent deficits in motor development.

Methods:
In a longitudinal cohort study, we completed follow-up assessments with 187 school-aged children with PPB and 149 participants without PPB who were originally enrolled in infancy. Primary outcomes were the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition (BOT-2) composite scores.

Significant Factors in Cranial Remolding Orthotic Treatment of Asymmetrical Brachycephaly

This retrospective chart review focuses on determining the most effective time to begin cranial remolding orthosis (CRO) treatment for infants with asymmetrical brachycephaly. Subjects with asymmetrical brachycephaly started CRO treatment between 3 and 18 months of age. These infants had a cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) ≥ 3.5 and a cranial index (CI) ≥ 90.

Diagnosis and treatment of positional plagiocephaly

Positional plagiocephaly is increasing in infants. Positional plagiocephaly is an asymmetric deformation of skull due to various reasons; first birth, assisted labor, multiple pregnancy, prematurity, congenital muscular torticollis and position of head. Positional plagiocephaly can mostly be diagnosed clinically and by physical examinations. The simplest way to assess the severity of plagiocephaly is to use a diagonal caliper during physical examination,

The effectiveness and safety of conservative interventions for positional plagiocephaly and congenital muscular torticollis: a synthesis of systematic reviews and guidance

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a postural, musculoskeletal deformity evident at, or shortly after, birth. It results from unilateral shortening and increased tone of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle and presents as lateral flexion of the head to the ipsilateral side with rotation to the contralateral side [1]. It is potentially a painful condition for infants and can present with a pseudotumor in the SCM muscle [2].

Subjective perception of craniofacial growth asymmetries in patients with deformational plagiocephaly

In recent decades, the incidence of deformational plagiocephaly (DP) has increased significantly [1,2,3,4,5,6,7], which is assumed to mainly be due to the recommendation for infants to sleep in a supine position in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome [8

Evaluation of positional cranial deformities: the non-expert perspective

The relevance of positional cranial deformity remains a controversial topic. While many specialists support therapeutic intervention with a helmet for severe cases, some are convinced that fears are exaggerated and helmets are unnecessary. In this study, 395 unaffected laypeople were interviewed for their opinion. Standardized photographs of 10 children with different degrees of positional deformity were presented in a randomized order.

Diagnosis and treatment of positional plagiocephaly

Positional plagiocephaly is increasing in infants. Positional plagiocephaly is an asymmetric deformation of skull due to various reasons; first birth, assisted labor, multiple pregnancy, prematurity, congenital muscular torticollis and position of head. Positional plagiocephaly can mostly be diagnosed clinically and by physical examinations. The simplest way to assess the severity of plagiocephaly is to use a diagonal caliper during physical examination,

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